Camelina sativa (Crantz) - A mercantile crop with speckled pharacological activities - Annal of Phytomedicine - RN Dharavath, S Singh, S Chaturvedi, SLuqman Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research, Lucknow India - 2-16

Summary: Camelina is an  emerging short season, climate proof, biofuel crop.  Popularly  hailed as ‘gold of pleasure’  or ‘false flax’,  Camelina plant requires  low agronomic inputs. The seeds are  commercially important as it  includes  35-40% of oil  (rich in  -3 fatty  acid, tocopherols),  27-32%  protein  and  glucosinolates  (GSLs).  Evidences suggest  tha t Europe  and Central  Asia are the landmarks of  Camelina  instigation  owing  to its  use since  Bronze Age. Traditionally,  the oil was used  for culinary purpose,  massage and  as a lamp  fuel. The  oil has been found  to  possess antihypercholesterolemic, antioxidant properties  and  increases  insulin  sensitivity. Recently,  the seed  cake  (meal, a  by-product) has  developed as  a source  of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) and  proteins in animal  feed  to improve  the  -3 fatty acid content of animal based food  products such  as eggs, meat,  milk and  fish oil. Additionally,  the components have been found to  modulate  the expression of  inflammatory  proteins and  GSLs  are reported to  possess anticancer activity.  In this  review,  we aim  to highlight  the  commercial  application  and  medicinal properties of  C.  sativa  along  with  newly  discovered  use  and  its  utilization  as  feedstock for biofuel and biolubricant production.